A polymer material is a plastic whose structure has molecules of impressive size. This is why the polymer can be used to produce a product of almost any configuration through processes such as spinning, extrusion, casting or molding. The range of applications for polymeric materials is huge: food and chemical industry, construction and everyday life. Polymeric products are everywhere: the usual packaging, containers, film, finishing all kinds of objects. The main and perhaps the only disadvantage of this material is its inability to biodegrade. Therefore, polymer recycling is a must for businesses, organizations, companies and for ordinary users.
Types of polymer waste
There are 2 main types of polymers that can be reused for the production of new (similar) products, as well as those that are not suitable for melting and can only be recycled.
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) – represented by pipes, bottles, toys, fuel tanks.
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) – represented by sacks, films, flexible containers, bags.
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) – represented by food packaging, mats, containers.
Polypropylene – it is used to make food containers, car parts, crates.
Polystyrene – represented by containers for dairy products, all kinds of utensils.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) – cables, frames, coating, bottles, medical devices, credit cards.